Paragraph: Rohingya Crisis   

The Rohingya people are a stateless Indo-Aryan-speaking Rakhaine state of Myanmar. They are the minority group of Myanmar. The majority of them are Muslim & the minority are Hindu.Recently cently they had been attacked by the army of Myanmar. There are approximately 1 million people lived in Rakhaine before the recent crisis.The UN reported that about 625,000 had crossed the border of Myanmar to save their life by entering into Bangladesh. The government of Bangladesh helps them & save from them the outrage of Myanmar Army. The citizenship law 1982 of Myanmar cancelled the probability of becoming citizen of them. That's why they are enforced by the Myanmar government to tolerate different types of neglecting & outraged. The Myanmar army enforces to leave their own cultivating lands. The Myanmar army give this lands to local Buddhists. They can not go one from another part of this country, besides they are restricted from government education, medicins rather they have to duty as guards,workers under the Myanmar army once a week. They are one of the most neglected ethnic group in the world. Though they are indigenous group but they are unrecognized group of Myanmar government. Finally, the government of Bangladesh is trying to back them to Myanmar with help of UN.

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2.Rohingya Issue  

The Rohingya is a predominantly Muslim ethnic minority of about 1.1 million living mostly in Rakhine state, west Myanmar, on the border with Bangladesh.Though they have lived in Myanmar for generations,the Myanmar government insists that all Rohingyas are illegal immigrants from Bangladesh. It refuses to recognize them as citizens, effectively rendering the majority of them stateless. As a resultof systematic discrimination, they live in deplorable conditions.Essentially segregated from the rest of the population, they cannot freely move, and have limited access to health care, schools or jobs. In 2012 tensions between the Rohingya and the majority Rakhine population – who are predominantly Buddhist - erupted into rioting,drivingtens of thousands of mainly Rohingya from their homes and into squalid displacement camps. Those living in the camps are confined there and segregated from other communities. In October 2016, following lethal attacks on police outposts by armed Rohingya in northern Rakhine State, the Myanmar army launched a military crackdown targeting the community as a whole. Amnesty International has documented wide-ranging human rights violations against the Rohingya including unlawful killings, arbitrary arrests, the rape and sexual assault of women and girls and the burning of more than 1,200 buildings, including schools and mosques. At the time, Amnesty International concluded that these actions may amount to crimes against humanity.The Myanmar government claims about 400 people
have been killed so far, though others say the number is much higher.TheUN estimated on 7 Septem ber that 1,000 had been killed.Bangladesh’s foreign minister, AH Mahmood Ali,said unofficial sources put the death toll at about 3,000. More than 310,000 people had fled to Bangladesh by 11 September.Those who have made it to the border have walked for days,hiding in jungles and crossing mountains and rivers. Many are sick and some have bullet wounds.Aid agencies have warned of a growing humanitarian crisis in overstretched border camps, where water, food rations and medical supplies are running out of stock. Most refugees are now living in established camps, makeshift settlements or sheltering in host communities.Nearly 50,000 are in new spontaneous settlements that have sprung up along the border, where access to services is especially limited. There are also fears for Rohingya people trapped in conflict zones.On 4 September, the UN said its aid agencies had been blocked from supplying life-saving supplies such as food,water and medicine to thousands of civilians in northern Rakhine state.The latest wave of refugees into Bangladesh follows Myanmar’s military response to an attack by a Rohingya armed group on security forces posts on 25 August. Myanmar’s military has carried out the bulk of these latest atrocities. It has considerable independence from the civilian government and is not accountable to civilian courts. Commanders of all ranks and soldiers therefore bear responsibility for any crimes they have committed during the current crisis.The military have a history of human rights violations against the Rohingya and other ethnic and religious minorities in Myanmar.

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